Association of Dietary Habits, Physical Activity and Sedentary Life Style with Obesity in School Going Children and Adolescent of Peshawar

Farhana Jabeen Shah, Syeda Lala Rukh Saba Shah, Hamid Hussain, Syeda Gulrukh Saba Shah, Muhammad Hamayun, Muhammad Ayub Roz

Abstract


Background: Obesity is basically the imbalance between consumption and expenditure of energy leading to excessive deposition of adipose tissue and resulting in increase in body mass.
Objectives: To determine the association of food habits, physical activity and sedentary lifestyles with obesity in school children of
Peshawar.
Material & Methods: this was a cross sectional analytical study carried out over a period of one year, june 2017 to june 2018, in
different schools of peshawar. Probability sampling was done. 200 school going children of age 12 to 16 years of different private and public school of peshawar were inquired.
Results: Out of 200 school students, 84 (42%) were male while 116(58%) was females with mean age 14.2 years. 30 (15%) were found obese, 73 (36.5%) overweight and 97 (48.5%) normal. 16 obese and 49 overweight students have no outdoor games. Out of 200, 134 (67%) had having indoor games and 119 (59.5%) had more than one screen hour. The mean of Transport used was bicycle 47(23.5%), car 69 (34.5%) and motorcycle 41(20.5%). Where as 43 (21.5%) students had to walk instead of using any vehicle.
Conclusion: Dietary behaviours and high caloric diet (fast food), physical inactivity (prolonged screen time) and indoor games
were strongly associated with obesity in school going children where as physical activity was inversely proportional to obesity.
Based on these results, need to develop different strategy for diet and physical activity but should be according to our social and cultural values so that it can be practically applicable in our community.

Keywords


Childhood obesity, prevalence, overweight, obese, schools

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