Bacteriological Profile and Antibiogram of Urinary Tract Infections at Microbiology Laboratory of a Private Teaching Hospital

Mohsina Haq, Sardar Muhammad, Momina Haq, Arbab Mohammad Kashif Khan, Mohammad Abbas, Shahzaman Khan

Abstract


Background: Globally millions of people are affected by urinary tract infections. Susceptibility results of various laboratories
indicated that most of the bacteria are developing resistance to the commonly used antimicrobial agents. Regular reviews of
susceptibility is necessary for the use of specific antibiotics to avoid resistance.
Objective: To ascertain the distribution of the bacterial strains and their susceptibility to the commonly used drugs.
Material and Methods: The data of retrospective study was collected from microbiology laboratory of Peshawar Medical College
from 1st May 2018 till 31st October 2018. The data obtained was statistically analyzed by using Statistical Package for the Social
Sciences (SPSS) version 21.
Results: Urinary tract infection was most common in females (70.80%) as compared to males. It is common among the age group
(21-40years). Most commonly isolated bacteria are gram negative bacteria. 71.4% of the cases among gram negative bacteria
were of Escherichia coli (E.coli).
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated that we have a very high percentage of urinary tract infections caused by E.
coli which is mostly multi drug resistant infection. Therefore to prevent the development of further resistance, antibiotics should be
prescribed after proper bacteriological examination along with culture and sensitivity.


Keywords


Uropathogen, antimicrobial resistance, urinary tract infection

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