Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia: A Retrospective Study

Hina Abbas, Sabih ul Hassan, Kulsoom Arif, Sambreen Zameer, Naseem Ahmed, Aisha Abdul Haq

Abstract


Background: Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia is a common problem encountered in neonates and often requires admission and treatment.
Almost 60% of the term babies and 80% of the preterm babies develop jaundice. East Asians have higher baseline neonatal bilirubin levels
than whites and are predisposed to the development of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. .
Objectives: To determine the important prognostic factors in Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia and to correlate variables with severity of
presentation.
Material and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in the Paediatrics Unit 3 of Civil Hospital Karachi from June to November
2017 on admitted patients below one month of age with clinically diagnosed jaundice. Total and indirect serum bilirubin levels, and data of
gender, age, birth weight, blood group incompatibility, and breast feeding were obtained.
Results: Of 255 cases, 80% were resolved. Phototherapy was the most common method of treatment (in 91.8% of cases). Males slightly
outnumbered females (1.39:1). 6.3% of jaundiced neonates died; 3.5% developed kernicterus before death. Low birth weight was
observed in 50.2% of cases while preterm gestation was seen in 39.2% of cases.
Conclusion: Important prognostic factors for Hyperbilirubinemia were presence of kernicterus, anemia, age group of the infant, severity
of hyperbilirubinemia and the therapy provided.

Keywords


Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia; Preterm; Kernicterus; Low Birth Weight

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