Pattern of Drugs Misuse among Patients attending Iftikhar Psychiatric Hospital, Peshawar

Ghaazaan Khan, Mian Mukhtiar ul Haq, Aimal Khan, S. M. Naeem, Mian Iftikhar Hussain, Shafiullah ,

Abstract


Background: Drug addiction is a very common issue in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa due to easy availability of drugs on account of
sharing border with Afghanistan, illiteracy and lack of implementation of laws to deal with drug trafficking. There is need to study the
pattern of misuse of illicit drugs in this region.
Objectives: To determine the pattern of drugs misuse among patients attending Iftikhar Psychiatric Hospital, Peshawar
Material and Methods: It was a descriptive study, carried out on 135 persons, with history of drugs misus, who were presented to
Iftikhar Psychiatric Hospital, Peshawar, from January 2019 to December 2019. Urine samples of every subject were screened for various drugs using immune chromatography technique.
Results: The most frequently misused drug in the study was Opiate (84%) followed by Marijuana(76%),
Benzodiazepines(43%), Methamphetamines(8%), Tricyclic antidepressants(4%) and cocaine(0.74%). Out of the total 135
patients, 133(98.5%) were males while 2(1.5%) were females. Poly substance misuse was more predominant in the study.
Conclusion: Drug addiction is a very serious public health issue globally including Pakistan. Male addiction predominance
and opiates overuse is observed high in the present study. There is need to take all necessary steps to curb the curse of drug
abuse.

Keywords


Pattern, Drugs misuse, Immune chromatography

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