Serum Zinc and Copper Levels in Children with Thalassemia Major


  • Mian Muhammad Naveed Pak International Medical College Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Shabir Ahmed Orakzai Pak International Medical College Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Siyab Ahmad Swat Medical College, Swat, Pakistan.
  • Mohibullah Khan Pak International Medical College Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Asfandyar Shah Roghani Pak International Medical College Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Humaira Khan Pak International Medical College Peshawar, Pakistan



copper, zinc, thalassemia


Background: Thalassemia is a frequent hereditary genetic with different clinical manifestations from mild to severe based on its genetic. Beta thalassemia major is the worse form of this disease caused by decreased or absent beta globin chains of hemoglobin. Regular blood transfusion is the main aim leads to iron overload and deposition of iron in different organs.
Objectives: To determine different serum distribution levels and correlation of copper and zinc in transfusion dependent thalassemia patients
Material and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study in which a non-probability convenient sampling technique was used for sample collection. This study was conducted in KPK in a total of 137 patients, who were diagnosed cases of thalassemia major by hemoglobin electrophoresis, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method and receiving iron and folate therapy. SPSS version 22 was used and Pearson's correlation coefficient was applied. P-value 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: In this study mean age was 6.7±3.49 years. 77 (56%) percent children were male while 64 (44%) children were female. Mean hemoglobin (Hb) level was 7.43±1.3 gm/dl. Mean SGPT score was 26.28 ± 7.51. Mean blood urea was 21.10 ± 8.49 mmol/l while mean serum creatinine level was 0.56 ± 0.26 mg/dl. Mean serum zinc level was 13.36 ± 11.12mg/dl while mean serum copper level was 1.21± 0.60 mg/dl and mean serum ferritin level was 6682 ± 533 Ug/l.
Conclusion: This study showed hypozincemia in thalassemia major patients, but copper deficit was not present. There was no substantial variance between serum ferritin level and mean serum concentration of zinc and copper in this study. Ancillary assessments in this respect is recommended.
Keywords: Copper, Thalassemia, Zinc


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Mian Muhammad Naveed, Shabir Ahmed Orakzai, Ahmad S, Mohibullah Khan, Asfandyar Shah Roghani, Humaira Khan. Serum Zinc and Copper Levels in Children with Thalassemia Major. J Saidu Med Coll Swat [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 21 [cited 2024 Jul. 12];14(2):98-104. Available from: