Outcome of Vesicovaginal Fistula Repair at Urology Department STH Swat
Keywords: Vesicovaginal fistula, outcomes, repair, complications.
AbstractBackground: Vesicovaginal fistula is an abnormal passage between the bladder and the vagina , which leads to continuous , involuntary loss of urine through the vagina. It is the most usual type of acquired genitourinary fistulas.Objective: To determine outcomes of vesicovaginal fistula repair at Urology Department, Saidu Teaching Hospital, Swat.Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in Department of Urology, Saidu Group of Teaching Hospitals, Swat from September, 2016 to February, 2019. Patients with age group of 25-65 years, diagnosed with VVF were repaired either through abdominal or vaginal route. These patients were prospectively analysed and the demographic profile, route of surgery and outcomes were noted down.Results: A total of 58 patients were included in the study. The causes were obstructed labour in 26 patients, post-operative trans abdominal hysterectomy and caesarean section in 24 and 6 cases respectively. There was 100% success rate in abdominal repairs as compared to combined approach. Among the post-operative complications, bladder storage dysfunction was on the top, followed by urinary tract infections and wound infections.Conclusion: The most common cause of VVF was prolonged obstructed labour. Overall, the success rate was 96.5%. Irritative lower urinary tract symptoms were most commonly observed post operatively.