Assessment of type2 diabetes prevalence in four tertiary level hospitals of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Ambreen Afridi, Rubeena Gul, Hayat Muhammad Khan, Romana Ayub, M. Haider Ali, Khushal Khan, Masroor Anwar

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and constitutes the majority of cases worldwide. It comprises 85-90% of all diabetes cases, making it a significant public health issue in the majority of developed countries. Evidence suggests that type 2 diabetes is a consequence of increasing levels of obesity, decreased levels of activity, and increased food availability a result of 'modernisation'. Societies undergoing transition to western lifestyles (such as hunter-gatherer societies) are potentially at the greatest risk for developing diabetes. In this context, the prevalence of diabetes among some Indigenous Australians is among the highest in the world. This has been attributed at least in part to lifestyle changes associated with transition from a traditional to western diet.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to know the prevalence of diabetes in tertiary care hospitals of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

MATERIAL & METHODS: It was a descriptive cross sectional study which was carried out from November 1 to December 31,2016 in four teaching hospitals of Peshawar. Total 400 subjects above 20 years age were selected from medical units of these hospitals through random sampling technique.

RESULTS: Of the total 400 subjects, 67 (16.75 %) were positive for diabetes. About 90 % had symptoms of excessive urination, excessive thirst and vision problem.

CONCLUSION: Prevalence of diabetes is high but it remains undiagnosed in most of the cases. Screening programs need to be implemented.


Keywords


Diabetes mellitus, fasting blood glucose, insulin, Prevalence, life style.

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