Occupational Hazards to Doctors: Types, Distribution and Outcomes

Authors

  • Muhammad Umer Farooq Department of Medicine, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad
  • Abbas Iqbal
  • Muhammad Tariq Shah Department of Medicine, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad
  • Shahab Khan Department of Surgery, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar
  • Farhan Ullah Department of Medicine, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad
  • Dawood Misbah Department of Medicine, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad
  • Salma Shazia Department of Forensic Medicine, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad.
  • Muhammad Fayaz Department of Medicine, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52206/jsmc.2021.11.4.679

Abstract

Background: The different types of hazards to which doctors are exposed in the hospitals need to be identified and eradicated.
Objective: To study the awareness among doctors about the occupational hazards and the preventive measures that are taken.
Materials and Methods: The sample size was 200, selected by convenient non-probability technique. The study was conducted in
Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from 2nd March 2019 to 3rd June 2020. Data was collected via questionnaires and then
analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences 21. House Officers, Post graduate residents, and Trainee Registrars
were included in the study.
Results: Most frequent hazard recorded was needle prick injury (52.5%), followed by workload/stress/exhaustion (42.5%). Study
also showed that only half of doctors (52.3%) were using preventive measures of different kinds like gloves, masks, standard
operating procedures etc., rest (47.7%) didn't use them. Almost half (48.1%) of the doctors didn't report the hazards to the
administration and even if they did, proper response was not given to address their problem.
Conclusion: Most common occupational hazards were found to be needle prick injury and exhaustion, and they were more
prevalent among the doctors of surgery department. Consequently, doctors aren't able to perform their duties properly. Moreover,
the hazards remained unreported both from doctors' and hospital administration's side.
Keywords: Hazards, Injuries, Awareness

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How to Cite

1.
Muhammad Umer Farooq, Abbas Iqbal, Muhammad Tariq Shah, Shahab Khan, Farhan Ullah, Dawood Misbah, Salma Shazia, Muhammad Fayaz. Occupational Hazards to Doctors: Types, Distribution and Outcomes. J Saidu Med Coll Swat [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 2 [cited 2022 Nov. 30];11(4):200-5. Available from: http://jsmc.pk/index.php/jsmc/article/view/679