Prevalence and Predictors of Under Nutrition among Under-Five Children in Peshawar District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan


  • Zaif Ur Rahman Institute of Management Sciences Hayatabad.
  • Rubeena Gul Khyber Medical College Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Kashif Ur Rehman Khalil Khyber Medical College Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Humera Gabeen Saidu Medical College, Swat
  • Khalid Mahmood Quereshi Rehman Medical Institute. Peshawar
  • Aziza Alam Khyber Medical College Peshawar



Background: Malnutrition is a pressing public health crisis in Pakistan that requires immediate attention. The prevalence of
malnutrition is on the rise due to various factors including social and economic factors.
Objectives: To find out the prevalence and causative factors of under nutrition in district Peshawar.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2022 and December 2022, in the Peshawar district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. A sample size of 400 children under the age of five years using a multistage stratified cluster sampling technique. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data, Anthropometric measures were taken to determine the
children's nutritional status. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 23 for Windows.
Results: The study found that 39.3% of children were suffering from stunting, 16% from wasting, and 22.3% from underweight. Under nutrition was significantly associated with factors such as urban/rural areas, parents' education, maternal factors, family income, gender, and weight at birth (p-value < 0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference found between family type, maternal television watching, and under nutrition. The study also revealed that children aged =5 months were more likely to
be undernourished than older children.
Conclusion: Undernourishment is a critical issue in district Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The prevalence of undernourishment
is alarmingly high in rural areas as compared to urban areas.
Keywords: Anthropometric, Stunting, Under nutrition, Underweight, Wasting.

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How to Cite

Zaif Ur Rahman, Rubeena Gul, Kashif Ur Rehman Khalil, Humera Gabeen, Khalid Mahmood Quereshi, Aziza Alam. Prevalence and Predictors of Under Nutrition among Under-Five Children in Peshawar District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. J Saidu Med Coll Swat [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 8 [cited 2024 Jul. 12];14(1):51-6. Available from:

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