Impact of Prolonged Pregnancy on Mode of Delivery and Fetal Outcome

Authors

  • Faiza Rehman Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Nasreen Kishwar Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Rukhsana Karim Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Shazia Khattak Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Saman Mudassir Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52206/jsmc.2024.14.2.845

Abstract

Background: The “term pregnancy” is defined as the pregnancy that ends between 259 and 294 days (37-42 weeks) of pregnancy from the 1st day of last menstrual period. If the pregnancy continues beyond this mentioned period, it is called prolonged pregnancy. Post-term Pregnancy is one of the commonest obstetric conditions which associated with an increased risk of fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity as well as an increased maternal morbidity.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of mode of delivery and fetal outcomes in prolonged pregnancy.
Material and Methods: It is a Descriptive cross sectional study, conducted from 28th Aug, 2019 to 28thFeb, 2020 at Department of Obs & Gynae, MTI-HMC Peshawar. Sample size was 125 keeping 11% proportion of patients having poor apgar score with 95% confidence interval, 5% level of significance.5% margin of error. Sample collection was accomplished by non-probability, consecutive sampling technique. All patients between 18-40 years of age with 42 weeks of gestation or more by dates or dating scan admitted to Gynae Ward/Labour room, having regular cycles were included in the study.
Results: As per descriptive statistics, mean and SDs for age was 25±4.90. Mean and SDs for gravidity was recorded as 2±0.58. Mean and SDs for parity was 2±0.58. Mean and SDs for Apgar score was recorded as 8±0.89. 28 (22.4%) patients were obese. In this study 14 (11.2%) neonates had poor apgar score. Normal vaginal delivery 66(52.8%) was the Frequent mode of delivery followed by assisted vaginal deliveries 48(38.4%) and Caesarean section11(8.8%).
Conclusion: In this study, we have concluded that pregnancy should not be allowed to go post-term due to association of higher neonatal morbidity and mortality rate, and should be managed before 42 weeks of gestation.
Keywords: Fetal outcome, Post term pregnancy, Poor Apgar Score

Author Biography

Nasreen Kishwar, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Assistant Professor

MBBS, FCPS

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Additional Files

Published

21-04-2024

How to Cite

1.
Faiza Rehman, Nasreen Kishwar, Rukhsana Karim, Shazia Khattak, Saman Mudassir. Impact of Prolonged Pregnancy on Mode of Delivery and Fetal Outcome. J Saidu Med Coll Swat [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 21 [cited 2024 Jun. 13];14(2):120-5. Available from: https://jsmc.pk/index.php/jsmc/article/view/845