Changing Trends in the Rates and Leading Indications of Cesarean Sections in a Tertiary Care Hospital

  • Nazia Liaqat
  • Sonia Rafiq
  • Wajeeha Syed
  • Nazish Hayat
Keywords: Primary caesarean section, repeat caesarean section, indications of caesarean sections


Background: Caesarean section is a time honoured approach that evolved to save maternal lives in the times of difficult deliveries. The rise in the rates of caesarean section is a matter of concern as being a major surgery, it is associated with risks that can extend for years and affect the health and future pregnancies of women.Objective: This study is carried out to analyses changing trends in the rates and indications of caesarean sections in the last six years in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Peshawar.Materials and Methods: This retrospective study is carried out by collecting record of all deliveries including indications of caesarean sections of the years 2014,2016 and 2018 of the unit. Results: The caesarean rate was 174/1000 total births for year 2014.It was 143 and 176 per 1000 total births for the year 2016 and 2018. The commonest indication for primary caesarean section was fetal malpresentations with rates as 31.5,30.2 and 29.9 per 1000 total births for 2014,2016 and 2018 respectively. Fetal distress was observed as the second commonest indication. Previous 2 or more caesareans was the commonest indication for repeat caesarean sections in all three years , with rise in rates from 21.4 to 28.70 per 1000 total births from 2014 to 2018.Conclusion: The rates of caesarean sections of the last five years on average are close to the WHO rates. Fetal Malpresentations, Distress and Previous two or more caesarean section are the leading indications of caesarean sections.